Ah, the Pantanal! Most plain flooded the planet, has landscapes that mix the field of climate with an adventure! Get to know the beauties of this place, the newest point of internal country tourism.
The Pantanal Eco Trips offers all the options for you, thus forming a customized package to your taste and style, and with confidence and attention you deserve, giving you all the logistical support and flexibility to design their own trip according to your taste and your family, giving you total freedom and support to choose their own sight!
If there is any destination or service not listed on this site you would like to buy, we will get it for you. The Pantanal Eco Trips offers a service that allows the traveler to decide their own route and times without being forced to use the pre-set travel packages. We are highly specialized in the creation and execution of tailored programs, offering individual programs tailored to their wishes. Each application will be reviewed independently by our experienced staff, fluent in English, German, Spanish and Portuguese. All our tours are based on ecological sustainability.
The Pantanal (is a natural region encompassing the world's largest tropical wetland area. It is located mostly within the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, but it extends into Mato Grosso and portions of Bolivia and Paraguay. It sprawls over an area estimated at between 140,000 and 195,000 square kilometers (54,000 and 75,000 sq mi). Various sub regional ecosystems exist, each with distinct hydrological, geological and eecological characteristics; up to 12 of them have been defined (RADAMBRASIL 1982).
Roughly, 80% of the Pantanal floodplains are submerged during the rainy seasons, nurturing an astonishing biologically diverse collection of aquatic plants and helping to support a dense array ofanimal species.
The name "Pantanal" comes from the Portuguese word pântano, meaning wetland, bog, swamp, quagmire or marsh. By comparison, the Brazilian highlands are locally referred to as the planalto, plateau or, literally, high plain.
Geology, geography and ecology.
The Pantanal is a huge, gently sloped basin that receives runoff from the upland areas (the Planalto highlands) and slowly releases the water through the Paraguay River and tributaries. The formation is a result of the large, concave pre-Andean depression of the earth's crust, related to the Andean oorogeny of the Tertiary. It constitutes an enormous internal river delta, in which several rivers flowing from the surrounding plateau merge, depositing their sediments and erosion residues, which have been filling, throughout the years, the large depression area of the Pantanal. This area is also one of the distinct physiographic provinces of the larger Parana-Paraguay Plain area.
The Pantanal is bounded by the Chiquitano dry forests to the west and northwest, by the Arid Chaco dry forests to the southwest, and the Humid Chaco to the south. The Cerrado savannas lie to the north, east and southeast. The Pantanal has an average yearly rainfall of 1,000–1,400 mm (39–55 in), but is fed by the upper Paraguay River. Its average temperature is 25 °C (77 °F), but temperatures can fluctuate from 0 to 40 °C (32 to 104 °F).
During the rainy season, the water in the Pantanal basin rises between two and five meters. Just as the Nile delta is fertile, arable land, so too are the Pantanal plains.
The vegetation of the Pantanal, often referred to as the "Pantanal complex", is a mixture of plant communities typical of a variety of surrounding biome regions: these include moist tropical Amazonian rainforest plants, semiarid woodland plants typical of northeast Brazil, Brazilian cerrado savanna plants and plants of the Chaco savannas of Bolivia and Paraguay. Forests usually occur at higher altitudes of the region, while grasslands cover the seasonally inundated areas. The key limiting factors for growth are inundation and, even more importantly, water-stress during the dry season. The Pantanal ecosystem is home to 3500 known plant species.
The Pantanal ecosystem is also thought to be home to 1000 bird species, 400 fish species, 300 mammalian species, 480 reptile species and over 9000 different subspecies of invertebrates.
apple snail is a keystone species in Pantanal's ecosystem. When the wetlands are flooded once a year, the grass and other plants will eventually die and start to decay. During this process, decomposing microbes deplete the shallow water of all oxygen, suffocating larger decomposers. Unlike other decomposing animals, the apple snail have both gills and lungs, making it possible for them to thrive in anoxic waters where they recycle the nutrients. To get oxygen they extend a long snorkel to the water surface, and pumps air into their lungs. This ability allows them to consume all the dead plant matter and turning it into nutritious fertilizer available for the plants in the area. The snails themselves are also food for a variety of animals.
Among the rarest animals to inhabit the wetland of the Pantanal are the marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus) and the giant river otter (Pteroneura brasiliensis). Parts of the Pantanal are also home to the following endangered or threatened species: the hyacinth macaw(Anodorhyncus hyacinthinus) (a bird endangered due to smuggling), the crowned solitary eagle, the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), the bush (Speothos venaticus), the South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris) and the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla). Common species in the Pantanal include the capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) and the yacare caiman (Caiman yacare). According to 1996 data, there were 10 million caimans in the Pantanal making it the highest concentration of crocodilians in the World. The Pantanal is home to one of the largest and healthiest jaguar (Panthera onca) populations on Earth.
Most fish are detritivores, primarily ingesting fine particles from sediments and plant surfaces. This is characteristic of fish living in South American flood plains in general. Fish migration between river channels and flood-plain regions occurs seasonally. These fish have many adaptations that allow them to survive in the oxygen-depleted flood-plain waters.
Mato grosso do sul was created in 1979 when the military government decide it would be the best way to administer ns develop such a large region (cynics claimed it was to provide more high paying bureaucratic jobs for cronies). But even before the split, the aerea has a different economic and social makeup from Northern Mato Grosso.
In the late of 19th century, many migrants from the south and southeast of Brazil arrived in the area, so the south has a greater number of smaller farms and a much more intensive agriculture when compared to the large farms and ranchs in the north.All this thanks to the rich, red earth, known as terra rocha.
The wealth created by the terra r5oxa has helped develop the states modern agricultural sector. The main crop is soy, but there is also lots of corn,rice cotton production and catle farms> Mao Grosso do sul,alson contains two thirds of Pantanal and the Serra da bocaina, two wonderfull natural aereas that are popular with both Brazilians and foreing travelers.
Know as cidade Morena not for its beautiful women but rather its red earth, Campo Grande is the Capital of Mato Grosso do sul, a modern city that has become a major gateway to the Southern Pantanal. Manganese, rice, soy and cattle are the traditional sources of its wealth, while education (there are four universities in the city), commerce and tourism are growing industries. Campo Grande lies 716 km south of Cuiaba and 403 km south of Corumba.
Campo Grande History.
Founded around 1875 as the village of Santo Antonio de Campo Grande, Campo Grande really began to grow when the railway came through in 1914. By decree of military president Ernesto Geisel, the city became capital of Mato Grosso do sul in 1977 when the new state splintered of Mato Grosso.
Mato Grosso means “Thick forest”. Part of the highland plain that runs through Brazil’s interior, it’s a dusty land of rolling hills, nice atmosphere, endless beauties, abundant savannas and some of the best fishing rivers in the world. Three of Brazil’s major ecosystems – Pantanal, Amazon and cerrado – thrive within its borders.
Cuiaba is a frontier boomtown basking the relentless Mato Grosso sun. The town’s name an indigenous Bororo word meaning “arrow fishing, though it was first gold and later agriculture that led the city becoming one of the fastest-growing capitals in Brazil over the last 30 years. The population explosion has tailed off in recent times, but Cuiaba is still a lively place and good starting point for excursion to the Pantanal and Chapada dos guimaraes
In 1719 a Paulista, “who was born in Sao Paulo state” Pascoal Moreira Cabral,was hunting indigenous groups along the Rio Cuiaba. When he found gold. A gold rush followed, but many of those seeking gold never reached the new settlement at Cuiaba.
Travelling more 3000 km from Sao Paulo by the river took five months: along the way, gold seekers found little food. Many mosquitoes, dangerous rapids, lengthy portages, disease and incredible heat.
"Bonito" - could not be so appropriate name for this region of such natural wealth. Located in the central western part of...
The Pantanal is one of the most valuable natural heritage of Brazil. It has several routes of rides that are at your fingertips!